TOP 5 Best Koi Food

Koi Food

As a Koi Betta breeder who searches for the best Koi food to purchase, these five amazing products mustn't exclude your pick. They aren't only fantastic; they are simply what your Koi betta needs. They provide Betta with the right proportion of nutrition; they foster good health, radiant color, more to that, they keep the quality of the water high.

What Makes A Koi Fish Unique?

The koi fish has some unique features that make it different from other fish. For instance, they belong to the class of cold-blooded animals (animals that can't control their body temperature and are sluggish in cold weather). The koi fish also has no stomach, making their digestive system being controlled by external factors. This is why koi owners need to provide the needed environment for a koi to survive.

TOP 5 Best Koi Food Reviews


  1   TetraPond Floating Koi Sticks

TetraPond Koi Vibrance Premium Nutrition with Color Enhancers

This feed is particularly formulated to give balanced nutrition to Betta. And at the same time, it will enhance their colors; natural red and yellow. Moreover, the feed is formulated for smooth and effortless digestion.

The design has tender sticks that have hollow centers which have the right size and shape for Koi. And it's also blended with the proportion of vitamins, fiber, and protein. This ensures your Betta gets maximum metabolic efficiency. Also, since the feed is thoroughly digested, there is less pollution of the pond, fewer algae, and cloudy water.

  2   Kaytee Koi’s Choice Premium Fish Food

 Kaytee Koi's Choice Premium Fish Food

This is another excellent feed for Betta. The constituents include the combination of vegetable and animal proteins and everything needed for Betta's adequate growth and retainership of vibrant color. It keeps the lifespan and the growth of the fish in mind.

The feed is floating in nature; as a result of that, Koi Betta fish can easily find and eat. That guarantees that every feed is fed. And it leaves the pond with less pollution because it is very digestible.

  3   Tetra Pond Pond Sticks, Healthy Nutrition for Goldfish and Koi

 TetraPond Pond Sticks, Healthy Nutrition for Goldfish and Koi

If you are seeking for a feed that does well with balanced nutrition about Koi betta fish, then, you shouldn't skip tetra pond sticks. They are also floating in nature. Thus, the betta kind finds them quickly because they are always within where they can find them.

As soon as a breeder pours the feed on the surface of the water, the food soften a little so that both big and small Betta can consume them with no stress or difficulty. Impressively, like the previously mentioned food, this feed also doesn't pollute the pond since they are quickly digested. Moreover, this feed gives your fish the right amount of energy, sound health, longevity, and metabolism.

  4   HARTZ Wardley Pond Floating Fish Food Pellets

Wardley Pond Fish Food

Hartz's feed is excellently lightweight and can float on the pond to ascertain visibility by the Betta. Aside from causing pollution, they don't contaminate the pond too. Further, they don't work with artificial colors or dyes. And it has a right blend of fiber, vitamins, and fat. Top of it, the protein that the feed offers comes from fish meal.

The uniqueness of this food is that it contains more fish meal than some leading brands you can find in the market. Also, the protein to fat ratio is right for supporting growth. And there is an inclusion of stable Vitamin C to aid proper immune system protection.

Hartz's feed is excellently lightweight and can float on the pond to ascertain visibility by the Betta. Aside from causing pollution, they don't contaminate the pond too. Further, they don't work with artificial colors or dyes. And it has a right blend of fiber, vitamins, and fat. Top of it, the protein that the feed offers comes from fish meal.

The uniqueness of this food is that it contains more fish meal than some leading brands you can find in the market. Also, the protein to fat ratio is right for supporting growth. And there is an inclusion of stable Vitamin C to aid proper immune system protection.

  5   ​Hikari Gold Pellets Pond Fish Food

 HIKARI Gold Pellets Pond Fish Food

The last on the list of the best feeds that you can offer to your Koi Betta is the Hikari Gold Pellets. It is also the best pick for Koi breeders because it targets the Betta's survival. It has the right and exact blend of nutrients and protein that covers all dietary wants, and it works to enhance the color of the fish.

For instance, the stabilized vitamin C aids to help the fish's immune system, and the general wellbeing. Also, it floats. Thus fish can access it better, and then, breeders can be able to monitor their intake to prevent overfeeding. And lastly, it can keep the water clean and neat thus it will prevent algae growth or pollution.

Feeding Your Koi Fish at the Right Time

A koi fish is different from the regular aquarium fish because they play a vital role in maintaining the equilibrium of the ecosystem of the pond. As a result, it's very crucial to feed your koi the right for the general wellbeing of your koi and proper functioning of your pond.

Feeding koi is not straightforward as there are various factors to consider before you feed your koi fish. You need to ensure that the food you'll be feeding it is the right one and it has to be done the right way. There's also a specific period for feeding the koi fish.

Things to Consider Before Feeding a Koi Fish

Due to the unique features of a koi, it's crucial that the following factors are well monitored to avoid feeding your koi fish the wrong way and at the wrong time.


One significant factor to consider is the size of your koi fish. The bigger your fish, the more food they need, and the smaller they are, the lower the amount of food they'll need. So, feeding a koi with the right amount of food based on size is very vital.


Due to the cold-blooded nature of koi, their metabolism rate is affected by the temperature of the water where they are kept. Hot temperatures speed up their metabolism rate, and cold water slows it down. In essence, this means that they won't have to consume too much food in winter because they're not burning any energy while it's the opposite in summer as they usually require more food due to the amount of energy they burn.


Another factor to consider is the climate. In mild climate (winter), koi should be fed regularly as the months become cooler. In extreme cold, the feeding would have to be scheduled from season to season. You should let the water get to about 48°F after waiting for a long winter and seeing spring in a long time.

How Much Food Should A Koi Take?

The temperature determines the amount of food you feed your koi. When the temperature is cool (below 50°F), you need to feed your koi once a day because your koi will be able to digest the food after 2 or 3 days. Ensure that you do not overfeed your koi during this time by spacing the feeding time to every 24 hours

When the temperature becomes warmer (50°F to 60°F), the koi fish can be fed once or twice daily. The food you're feeding your koi must be rich in vegetables, fruits, and other low proteinous foods.

As soon as the temperature gets high (80°F to 85°F), the protein intake by your koi has to be increased by not lower than 40% because the koi will lose more energy.

Just as temperature and other factors are critical when feeding your koi, the rate at which they are fed is also a vital factor to consider.

Why A Koi May Not Eat and How to Make It Eat

Sometimes, a koi may suddenly stop eating. Many factors are responsible for this, and some of these factors may be serious or not. As mentioned earlier, a koi do not eat well when the temperature is freezing and below 50°F, so, there shouldn't be a need for you to be concerned if your koi don't eat at this time because it's perfectly normal.

But when the temperature is hot, and your koi stop eating, you can then be bothered. But, it shouldn't be a severe issue as it can be solved. Your koi may stop eating due to the following reasons below.

  • Illness

When you find out that a koi isn't moving along with the group, it's a sign of sickness that may be as a result of injury, parasites, or bacteria. During this period, the koi will isolate themselves from the group to enable them to heal well and become better. This could take days or weeks after which they'll join the group and be active again.

If you observe that their condition may be severe if they don't return to the group after a few days or weeks, you should give them more attention and if necessary, provide them with medication.

If they are losing color, sluggish or have sores or injuries, the water may be infected, and you should treat it.

  • Water

Since koi rely on water for digestion to take place, something might have happened to the water temperature if your koi do not show interest in food. The temperature of the water has to be checked to ensure that the temperature is okay. Who knows, the temperature might have dropped low between summer and fall, which will affect the functioning of your fish.

The quality of water may also be the problem, and the best way to fix this is to test the water. Koi are known to react to sudden drops of some things. The pH level, nitrites, and ammonia need to be checked to ensure they are in the right proportion. If they aren't, they are very likely to be the cause of your koi's loss of appetite.

  • Stress

Koi fish are known to be very sensitive to sudden changes in their environment. For instance, if a duck moves around the pond or if you changed the arrangement and decorations around the pond, the koi fish may become stressed by this and become less active. However, things will return to how it was in one or two days.

  • Food

Have you considered the fact that the type of food you're offering your koi may be the reason why they aren't eating it?. They may be tired of eating the same food for a long time, or you're giving them a diet that doesn't have the right nutrients. Giving them new food entirely or tweaking the existing one by including a few vegetables and fruits in their meals. However, the quality of the food you're giving your koi may not be the reason why they aren't interested in the food.

Nonetheless, always remember that the foods that your koi rejects will soon become waste products because the foods that aren't eaten settles at the base of the tank and decomposition takes place. Ensure that the amount of foods that were rejected aren't too much by stopping the feeding and pay attention to the pH levels and the right amount of nitrate and ammonia.

Koi's Feeding Habits

Unlike feeding of other aquatic animals, feeding koi is not an easy task. There's a close relationship between the feeding habits of koi and its biology. The main goal of a koi owner is to ensure that they provide the best environment that will be a replica of the koi's natural habitat.

The rate of metabolism of the koi fish largely depends on the temperature of the water, which is why the koi fish burns more energy in hot temperature while it burns little energy in winter. With this, the rate of food intake of the koi fish increases in hot weather and decreases in winter

The pond is not the natural habitat of the koi fish, and as such, the koi is usually exposed to fluctuating temperature. This is why a koi owner has to pay attention to the factors that may be responsible for the fluctuations in the environment as this will affect the normal functioning of the koi fish.

Reasons why you should always give your Koi the best fish feed

One can get different kinds of fish feed in the market but that doesn't mean they are all suitable for your fish. Some people tend to take the issue of fish feed lightly, feeding their fish anything available.

The temptation to settle for cheap feed is always there but this is not always a good decision. They even pose these generic feed as being suited for any kind of fish. We now forget that what may be good for fish A may affect fish B. You should not take your fish's nutrition with laxity because neglecting it means you're feeding just chaff or fodder.

Koi fish are not known to be picky with food. Their omnivorous nature makes them easily adapt to any kind of nutritious food given to them. They are capable of taking almost anything, be it grains, plants or even tiny sea food, can consume everything from plants to grains, and even small sea life.

If you want your koi to get all the necessary nutrients and be healthy, you should give them the best koi food to enable their growth. You won't regret this decision because you stand to benefit from doing it. Here are some of the reasons why you should feed your koi with the best.

Proper Digestion

Despite the fact that koi are omnivorous and can eat anything, not all is digested well. Complex foods take longer time to digest, even affecting the digestion of the fish. Being cold-blooded animals, they do not have stomachs for food storage, thus they cannot digest at once. It is done individually. Most times, some foods require warm temperatures to help the food digest properly without stress.

How it affects Water Quality

The effect of the feed on water quality one of the important things to consider in buying fish feed. Getting feed rich in minerals increases water turbidity, creating an ion toxic environment for your koi. The resultant effect is contamination of your water with fish excreta and waste food thereby causing bacterial infection and dirty water.

Stronger Immunity

Feeding your koi with the best Koi food does not just provide them with the necessary nutrients for their body; it also builds their immunity and immune systems. In general, Koi used for aquarium display often have weak immunity. Therefore, giving your Koi the best feed helps build their immune system, protecting them against diseases and parasites that affect aquatic animals.

Enhanced Growth

Food, in any form, be it liquid or solid, is taken mainly for the sole purpose of nourishment and growth. Giving your Koi the best food helps them grow properly. You will notice that the growth and development of your koi naturally is improved over time.

Koi Color and Patterns

Koi have attractive and vibrant colors and patterns, making them an excellent choice for display. Their beautiful colors tend to shine brighter when they are healthy and properly fed. With the best koi food, their colors are exceptional and more visible, thus the choice of best feed should not be jeopardized.

Things to Look out For in Best Koi Food

Being aware of the importance of feeding your koi with the right feed, here are a few things to look out for in the food. Ensure that whatever you give your koi fish is actually good for your fish and their nutritional requirements. Below are some ways to determine the quality of Koi feed.

  • Fat

Fatty foods help your Koi build fat. This helps your Koi survive cold climatic conditions and maintain body heat. It provides an easily accessible energy store.

  • Protein

Protein is essential for growth and bone development, including the skin of your fish. The best and simplest form of protein in Koi feed is small aquatic animals which include shrimp, fish meat and anchovies. Koi are capable of digesting meat in small portions since they are omnivorous. Your fish feed should have 35% protein at least.

  • Color Supplements

Color supplements may not necessarily be essential for your Koi's nutrition but they can be included in your fish feed. Algae, which can be gotten in their natural habitat helps to brighten the fine color of your Koi, making them outstanding. These include algae that a Koi will feed in its natural habitat.

  • Mineral and vitamin sources

Lastly, a good Koi feed should contain the right and necessary amount of vitamins and minerals. These minerals and vitamins help Koi fish healthy. Vitamins like A, B, C and K enable your fish maintain bodily functions well. These vitamins are also immune boosters, helping you fight diseases and endo-parasites.


If you view feeding your Koi Betta as just pouring some flakes inside the water and presuming that they are getting what they needed, you are definitely on the wrong track. Why is that so? Ensuring that your Koi Betta fish feeds better isn't a simple process; it is complicated. Little wonder two essential things are considered to ensure that they feed correctly and get the right proportion. These conditions are: the right feed and two, the correct method.

For the first condition, which is the right feed? We highly advise that you prioritize on all the products reviewed and analyzed. However, our top feed is the TetraPond Floating Koi sticks which guarantee nutrition balance. It ensures that Betta attains healthy growth; maintain water quality, amazing colors, easy to digest, and a vibrant immune system.

Apart from the fact that understanding the right type of food is essential, Koi's biology is vital to be recognized. This is essential because Betta is void of stomachs, and like other fish, they are cold-blooded. But that isn't all; they can't regulate their metabolism, due to that, what determines how much feed they take and when they require to be fed is water temperature.

Also, be reminded that during colder temperature, Koi Betta will thrive better with less protein, thus be cautious as you feed during this period, in fact, feeding sparingly will be fine when you discover that the temperature is below 50 degrees F, and that should either be twice or once per week.

As the coldness of the pond continues to increase, it shouldn't come as a surprise to see that your Betta will stop feeding together, at that time, they are getting set for hibernation, so the energy from food isn't needed. But you can be concerned if they didn't want to eat in the middle of the summer. When that happens, check for any symptoms of ill health, and run a test on the water to confirm that everything is measuring the right way.

Finally, Koi relies on the breeder to provide them the right nutrients when needed. Thus you must give them exactly what they needed. Therefore ensuring that they have the right amount of koi food is excellent, and that is the best thing to do. This koi food review will help you make the right nutrition decision as regards to your koi fish.

Leave a Comment